New technology changes certain type of brain surgery - KTTC Rochester, Austin, Mason City News, Weather and Sports

New technology changes certain type of brain surgery


ROCHESTER, Minn. (KTTC) -- Medical technology is advancing every day.  Now Mayo Clinic researchers have found a way to make a certain type of brain surgery more effective. 

The Procedure is known as Deep Brain Stimulation or DBS.  This procedure is used to treat brain disorders such as Parkinson's Disease and this new technology we speak of is taking that procedure to a whole other level.

For around 20 years, The procedure of Deep Brain Stimulation has been used to treat brain disorders such as Parkinson's Disease. Up until 2 years ago, there was no way to see how DBS was working other than the visual sign of tremors stopping. That has all changed.

"The reason why this is important is because using this device we for the first time wirelessly monitored a patient undergoing Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery and as they were undergoing the DBS we were able to monitor in this case Adenosine," said Dr. Kendall Lee, Neurosurgeon at Mayo Clinic

Adenosine is just one of many chemicals released by the brain which can now be measured in real time by a sensor so that physicians can better identify how to correct brain disorders.

"It's going to give us the ability to assist patients by evaluating the brain in real time and adjust DBS to allow the treatment of Psychiatric disorders that currently aren't able to be treated," said Kevin Bennet of Mayo Clinic

"It is connected to the probe that's inserted into the human brain and it wirelessly transmits data to base computer and we can analyze that data in real time," said Lee

And that sensor is about the size of a human hair.

As we identify hoe DBS works we can use that knowledge to build better DBS devices of the future, what we call smart DBS systems," said Lee

And those system will be able to stimulate the brain on a moment to moment basis, eventually taking another step forward in the battle against brain disorders.

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